What Are Asset Classes?

Did you know that households in the United States of America held close to $100 trillion in wealth as of 2018? Understanding the different asset classes is a big part of smart investing, and if you remain patient you’ll find that the best investments will help you grow your wealth in a hurry. 

Most people have heard of stocks and bonds, but there are other types of asset classes that you should explore in order to create a diverse investment portfolio. Having the best asset classes in your portfolio will protect you in times of inflation.

The good news is that you’ve found the perfect guide to learning more about making the best investments for your future. Keep reading to learn more today!

What Is an Asset Class?

Asset classes are a group of investments that are similar in their traits and that face the same rules and regulations from the federal government. There are a number of assets that you can invest in that fall into asset classes, with stocks and bonds being the most common.

The primary goal of financial advisors when it comes to using types of asset classes is to make it easier for you to start diversifying. It breaks down different assets into categories so that you can understand their relationship. It works well since there is little correlation between one asset class to another.

Types of Asset Classes

The groups of assets that fall into different asset classes are important to keep track of when you start your journey to build a diverse portfolio. Each asset class carries a certain amount of risk, though some, like stocks and bonds, carry the least amount of risk. 

Here’s a closer look at the different asset classes that you’ll need to invest in to have a complete portfolio.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

It’s possible that you’ve heard the saying, “Cash is king.” Many investors love having cash because it allows them to maintain a liquid asset. It also means that they can maintain stability and a certain level of comfort when the market starts to get a bit volatile. 

In addition to cash itself, the other things that make up this asset class are Treasury notes and commercial paper. Cash and cash equivalents don’t make the best investments when it comes to the yield that you’ll get, but they carry the least amount of risk for your financial future.

Commercial paper is the only risky part of investing in cash and cash equivalents. Make sure that you do your research into the stability and strength of the company issuing the commercial paper to ensure that they can pay you what you’re owed when the debt reaches maturity. Following andrei jikh will help you get on the right path for the best investments you can make.

Fixed Income

Fixed income is also referred to as bonds, and these investments are great because they allow you to bring in a certain amount of money each month based on the original investment that you’ve made. Bonds are the most common fixed-income asset, but they’re not alone in this asset class.

Certificates of deposits are another option within the fixed-income asset class that you should consider investing in. Don’t expect a massive return on your investment if you go with bonds or fixed-income assets. They’re known for the steady amount of money that you’ll gain from them each month.

It should be easy to determine what you’ll get each month prior to making your investment. The main risk involved with bonds is that the government or the issuer could default on the loan and fail to repay it. Treasury bonds are a great option if you want to invest in a fixed-income asset since they’re backed by the United States government.

Real Assets

Another asset class that you should dive into is real assets. Real assets are also called tangible assets. If you purchased land or a commercial building then you could state that you have real assets in your portfolio.

The two most common forms of real assets are commodities and properties. Investors that focus on properties could own land, rental units, or an office building. You can earn income off of properties by selling them for a profit to other investors or by renting them out to people in need of workspace or housing.

Commodities refer to raw materials like precious metals, oil, and natural gas. Real assets are great if you’re looking to get a nice return from appreciation, though this could take a long time for you to see large gains. Renting a property out is a great way to combat inflation since rents rise as wages rise.


Equities are also known as stocks, and many investors focus most of their time on this asset class over the others. When you purchase stocks, you’re purchasing a share of a company that you’re adding to your portfolio. As that company grows and succeeds, you’ll get larger dividends from the company and the shares of stock will increase in value.

The more money that the company earns, the more your own wealth increases. You can generate rapid income by selling your shares of stocks when they rise in value, or you can hold onto the stocks and collect the dividends when they’re issued.

The big risk with stocks is the fact that you can lose all of the money that you’ve invested in them. Your stocks are subject to changes in the stock market based on what is happening with the nation’s economy.

Now You’re an Expert in Asset Classes

If you plan on investing and using your portfolio to grow your wealth then you need to learn all about the different asset classes out there. Stocks are great if you’re looking for big returns but they carry the risk of losing everything that you’ve invested. Bonds and cash are low-risk options that will lead to smaller returns.

For more helpful and informative content just like this article, make sure you explore the rest of our blog today!


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