Top Programming Languages for Android App Development

We all know how important apps are in our daily lives. The majority of services are now online and have Android applications. Everything is possible because of applications, whether seeing your emails, listening to music, texting someone, or ordering food or other items. In the following article, we will go over some of the most significant programming languages for Android app development.

What is a programming language?

A programming language is a computer language that developers use to build software, scripts, and other computer instructions.

Many languages have similar structures, but each has its distinct syntax. A programmer writes source code in a text editor or integrated development environment after learning the language’s rules, grammar, and organization (IDE). After that, the programmer translates the code to machine language, which the computer can comprehend. Finally, an interpreter executes scripts that do not require a compiler.

Application and program development is the concept of creating an application that you use regularly. For instance, the Internet browser you are using to access this page is a program. If you want to create a program, take a look at the following languages:


The official language for developing Android applications in Java. However, Java is being phased out, favoring Kotlin, a more compact and safe language. Nevertheless, Java is a popular programming language, and most of the apps available on the Google Play Store are written in it.

Function overriding, constructors, containers, classes, objects, threads, exceptions, null pointers, and other notions are all part of the Java language. So if you’re a novice looking for a simple language to learn, Java might not be the most incredible option.

Even though Java appears complex, it is a fantastic language to learn and implement. Knowing Java will also aid you in comprehending topics such as Object-Oriented Programming and give you an advantage while creating servlets using JSP (Java Service Provider).


JetBrains developed Kotlin, a relatively new programming language for modern multiplatform apps. Instead of Java, Kotlin is now frequently used for Android app development. It’s because Kotlin is simple, safe, and enjoyable to read and write.

Kotlin is one of the most popular and emerging languages for Android app development. It’s an open-source programming language that lets you build more secure and concise programs. It has recently attracted much interest in the market, and newcomers to Android found it quite simple to learn and execute.

In comparison to Java, Kotlin has a considerably simpler syntax and requires fewer lines of code. In 2019, Google declared the brand-new Kotlin as an approved Android app development language. Kotlin, on the other hand, can run on the Java Virtual Machine and can be used instead of Java in Android development.


Dart is one of the latest languages developed by Google to create Android applications. Its stable version was introduced in 2021. It is most commonly used to create client-side applications. It has a syntax comparable to C and allows for object-oriented programming.

Dart syntax is simple compared to other programming languages, and it’s utilized to create some stunning user interface elements. The Flutter Framework helped it grow in popularity. Flutter, like a dart, is well-known for its ability to develop cross-platform apps. 

To put it another way, you can create apps for Android, iOS, and even desktop computers. Dart’s community is currently growing, and the language will gradually establish itself as one of the top languages for Android app development.


C is also one of the most widely utilized programming languages for developing Android apps. It is because C has a syntax similar to Java, and it also has garbage collection that is similar to Java. In addition, C has a well-known garbage collection mechanism. As a result, there are fewer memory leaks.

Due to a lack of platform support, C could not establish a strong position in Android development. C was once only supported in NET framework platforms such as Windows. This difficulty has been solved with the introduction of Xamarin and Unity. 

C3, Xamarin, and Unity give an android SDK that aids in developing android applications. Xamarin with C is a cross-platform development framework. Simultaneously, Unity is well-known for creating cross-platform games.


Most web developers are familiar with JavaScript. This client-side scripting language is most commonly used in web development, and many developers are familiar with it. In addition, there are various frameworks for JavaScript, including React, Vue, and Angular. These frameworks can also be used to create Android apps.

React Native and Ionic are two good examples of this, both of which employ Javascript, HTML, and CSS to allow you to create cross-platform applications. So if you’re a web developer wishing to branch out into android app development, you should use React Native or Ionic as your development framework.


C++ (pronounced C plus plus) is an object-oriented programming language developed by renowned computer scientist Bjorne Stroustrup as part of the C family of languages’ growth. It was developed as a cross-platform addition to C to provide programmers additional control over memory and system resources. 

C++ is a free-form programming language that supports object-oriented, procedural, and generic programming. It is case-sensitive and supports object-oriented, procedural, and generic programming. It incorporates both high and low-level language characteristics. C++ is classified as a middle-level language.


Python is an interpreted high-level, general-purpose programming language. The use of indentation in its design philosophy emphasizes code readability. In addition, its language elements and object-oriented approach aim to assist programmers in writing clear, logical code for both small and large-scale projects.

Python is garbage-collected and dynamically typed. It supports a variety of programming paradigms, including structured (mainly procedural) programming, object-oriented programming, and functional programming. Because of Python’s extensive standard library, Python is often referred to as a “batteries included” language.


Lua is a C-based programming language that is free and open-source. It is applicable on various platforms, from massive server systems to small mobile apps. 

Lua is rarely used as a standalone programming language because its primary purpose is scripting. Instead, it’s utilized as a scripting language that may be embedded (integrated) into other C and C++-based projects. Other programming languages are supported through third-party plugins.

Final note

You can use the above languages to construct various apps, including chat messengers, music players, games, calculators, and more. Furthermore, there is no such thing as a “proper language” for Android App Development. As a result, you must choose the ideal language for each project based on your objectives and interests. Remember that whichever path you take will only help you expand your skillset and flourish as an Android developer.

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